Israel’s Average R&D Expenditure: 1996-2020

Research and development (R&D) expenditure is an important indicator of a country’s economic growth. It is a measure of the amount of money invested in research and development activities, which can help to create new products, services, and technologies that can be used to improve the lives of citizens. In this article, we will explore the average R&D expenditure of Israel from 1996-2020.


Israel has consistently been one of the top countries in terms of R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP. According to data from the World Bank, between 1996 and 2020, Israel’s average R&D expenditure was 4.07% of its GDP. This is significantly higher than the global average for the same period, 2.37%.

Factors Contributing to High R&D Expenditure

Several factors have contributed to Israel’s high R&D expenditure over the past two decades. One factor is its strong focus on innovation and technology. The government has invested heavily in research and development activities since its founding in 1948, creating an environment where innovators are encouraged to pursue their ideas and develop new products or services that can benefit society as a whole. Additionally, Israel has a well-developed venture capital industry that provides funding for startups and other innovative projects.

Another factor contributing to Israel’s high R&D expenditure is its highly educated population. With more than half of its population holding at least a bachelor’s degree, it has one of the highest levels of educational attainment among developed countries. This highly educated workforce can contribute significantly to research and development efforts in various fields such as biotechnology, computer science, engineering, medicine, nanotechnology, robotics, and more.

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Finally, Israel has also benefited from strong international partnerships with other countries that have helped it access additional resources for research and development activities. For example, it has partnered with China on several joint projects related to artificial intelligence (AI), robotics, energy efficiency technologies, medical devices and more. These collaborations have enabled both countries to share knowledge and resources that have helped them make significant advances in various fields related to science and technology.

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